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10 November

Knowing your skin type is the key to good skin routines

Achieving glowing, gorgeous skin can be tricky business.

There are a lot of things to consider, most importantly skin type.

Every skin type has specific needs that should not only be taken into consideration when buying a cleanser or moisturiser, but also when getting a facial.

Spa treatments are a great way to give your skin a boost.

With so many types of facials to choose from, what will benefit your needs the most?

We have the inside scoop to give you a better idea of what to look for on your next visit to the salon.

Every facial should be customised based on what’s going on with your skin at the time of your appointment.


Dry skin

Dry skin needs many different treatments.

It lacks natural lipids or oils, making it prone to dehydration, it needs both oil and water to balance it out.

Because of this lack of water, it’s natural exfoliating cycle slows down.

Facials that include gentle exfoliation are a great way to take your skin from flakey to fabulous.

We suggest looking for facials that include masks, which will help penetrate product into the skin.

One example is a mask that will rubberise.

Any product you put under this type of mask will be pushed into the skin as the mask hardens, leaving your skin feeling hydrated and refreshed.


Oily skin

Oily skin produces more oil than it needs.

This oil is a magnet for debris, such as dead cells, makeup and pollution, which then cause congestion inside the pores.

Over time, the congestion becomes hardened, just like plaque on your teeth.

Look for facials that include a chemical exfoliant (glycolic acid or salicylic acid.)

This will penetrate into the pores and melt the congestion.

Extractions are needed to remove any hardened debris within the pores (so long, blackheads!) But don’t try this at home.

Extractions are something your therapist is trained to do safely as part of your facial.


Combination skin

This is most common skin type to work with, has both oily and dry areas, so these areas need to be treated separately.

Enzyme, chemical or even microdermabrasion exfoliants work very well.

Extractions are also needed to remove congestion, and a professional treatment mask, to replenish lost water and soothe the face.


Mature skin

Mature types can be challenging. It can be oily/acne prone, dry/dehydrated or a multitude of conditions.

It also slows down (cell production, circulation), so there are many issues to address.

Your therapist will first treat the type of skin (oily, dry, combination, normal).

Then she will have to increase circulation and saturate the skin with antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.


Sensitive skin

We have to be careful working with sensitive types.

All skin needs exfoliation to remove built-up dead skin, but this needs to be done gently.

Facials that use enzymes to exfoliate work very well, because they don’t irritate.

Also look for products that don’t have excessive fragrances or irritants in them.


Once you’re back at home


Simple at-home tips for keeping a good facial routine:

• Cleanse to remove debris from the day
• Use a toner to rehydrate after cleansing, rehydrating will make your moisturisers penetrate better
• Exfoliate to help with the natural cycle of shedding dead cells
• Moisturise to replenish
• Protect to inhibit free radicals and shield from UV damage

The steps stay the same for every skin type, but the products you use to complete the steps will be different for everyone.

If you are unsure, talk to your therapist about what products are best for you to use.

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